New scope, cloudy skies.

The little four-inch Skywatcher arrived Saturday, and of course it’s been cloudy since, such is the curse of a new telescope. But here it is in my place Saturday afternoon, it’s lovely!


There was a clear spell earlier tonight, and a (four, five day old?) moon. I nipped to Penn Common quickly between lessons and rehearsals, and snapped this (actually a day lit moon, but I’ve boosted contrast and B/W it). Not bad for a quick snap from the side door of the van!


VegaAnd that’s the thing with this little scope. I may not have a picture that’s as sharp as if I’d taken it with my 8″, but I just wouldn’t have had time to set up my 8″. So it’s this photo, or no photo!
Later I drove out to the ‘darker than Wolverhampton somewhat’ layby I use near Albrighton, but the seeing was terrible. Light clouds obscured all but the brightest stars. I took a few photos, just to test out the little scope as a camera extension. The picture of Vega above was 1/5 second, at 6400 ISO. I checked the pleasing pictures of open star clusters I took before the summer, and they were 1/2 a second at 6400. So next time I’ve got a clearer sky, I’ll try and take some longer exposure photos.
In the meantime, I’ve been watching youtube tutorials on setting up an equatorial mount. After having one for nearly three years, it’s time I bit the bullet and learnt how to set the thing up properly.

Astronomy in Perton

I went to Perton Library Astronomy group tonight, they’ve got a smashing little club there. It’s basically a gathering of people interested in astronomy, of varying experience, meeting up to chat and have talks, and hopefully do a bit of observing. We were lucky tonight, and the west facing outside patio area served as a nice observatory for a couple of hours.
There were three scopes there – I didn’t take mine (though I wished I had). There was a refractor, (perhaps three inch,  I forgot to ask), a small reflector that was bought at a bargain price of £30 from a charity shop, and a little 100mm table-top reflector on a dob mount.
We started by looking at Arcturis in Bootes, and Vega in Lyra, as they appeared in the twilight. Then, as it got darker we managed to see Saturn, which was much higher than I expected, (I was saying “nahh, we won’t see Saturn”, and was pleased to be proved wrong – only my second sighting this year!). It was lovely to see it through a refractor for the first time, the image was very sharp and steady considering we were looking at it from a light polluted area, certainly a much better viewing than my attempt over by Halfpenny Green earlier in the year. The same scope also afforded us a lovely view of the Great Cluster in Hercules, a small, but quite a bright fuzz placed in between, and to the left, of two other stars.
20170921_210428The table-top dob being used, (left), which belongs to the club. It looked initially like a toy to me, it hadn’t got a finder-scope as such, just a red dot thing, powered by a battery. I didn’t think a scope as small as that would be much use, but after a few minutes I found I could use the spotting scope easily. I aligned it on Vega, star-hopped easily to the double-double in Vega and found the spot where the ring nebula is. I didn’t see it, but it was too much to expect to see a 9.2 mag nebula in a light-polluted street with such a small mirror. I turned it towards Brocchi’s Cluster (the coathanger) and had a lovely sharp view of the (mostly) line-of-sight cluster. Then I turned it to the Perseus Double Cluter, and again, found it easiy with a lovely pin-sharp image. The mount glided nicely, and I was impressed with the quality of the build, along with the optics.
Time was running out, (the library has to close at nine pm), so after a quick look at Mizar (three stars resolved), we had to leave. A shame, as Andromeda would have moved into view within the hour round the corner of the library, and I’d have loved to seen it through this new dinky little telescope.
The mirror on the scope is 4 inch. My first ‘grown up’ telescope was only 4.5 inch, and that was a smashing scope on which I did loads of useful observing. Obviously, the focal length on this table-top model is a fraction of the length of a larger scope, but even so, for wide-field astronomy, I bet this works great under a dark sky.
If I’ve learnt anything over this summer, it’s the importance of keeping things simple. I think the secret to successful amateur astronomy is to get to know the night sky, and invest in instruments that are practical to use, rather than buying the most expensive gear you’ll never use because it’s like the flight desk of concord. This 100mm Skywatcher scope is only £100. I’m going to order one because I just know it’ll get used loads, in lay-bys on the way home from bookings. It also has a thread underneath that can be attached to a photography tripod. It’s a little smasher!

Moon Mapping – Gassendi

Earlier this year I took loads of photos of the moon, with a plan to map them out on rainy nights like tonight. This image on the right above was taken on the 9th January, at 400 ASA 1/125 second. It’s not stacked, it’s just a single shot. The moon I think must have been 11 days old at this point. The map on the left is taken from an old Phillips Moon Map.


Using my Moon maps I can see crater A is Gassendi, B is Merseneus, C is Mare Humorum, E is Billy and D is Hansteen. Last year I bought a new Phillips Moon Map, but I’ve still kept the old one. I’m not sure which I prefer yet.



‘The Great American Eclipse’ Part One

I’ve got to admit, I scoffed a little when I heard they were calling it ‘The Great American Eclipse’. I expect a few Brits thought ‘isn’t that just like the Americans!’. But, after reading all about how more people will see this eclipse than any other in history, I started to warm to the title. And, as was discussed on the trip, why shouldn’t eclipses have names? Hurricanes do!
Anyway, this blog post will be just about the eclipse, and I’ll upload some of my jpegs of the event. I’ll post more about the general astronomy stuff like the lectures and gear I saw, later. This’ll be just about the solar eclipse.
I went with a travel company called Omega travel. Normally I don’t do ‘package holidays’, but for every eclipse trip I’ve been on (this was my third), I’m quite happy to leave it to the experts entirely. In 2006 I went to Turkey with the Sky at Night team, and although that was a fantastic trip with well organised lectures, this USA trip was actually better, despite (or maybe because?) it was a smaller crowd of 40 or so keen astronomers, and an enthusiastic and accommodating professional astronomer on-board.
As I said, I’ll write more about the wider aspects of the trip later, there’s quite a bit to include, but for this post, I’ll get straight to the point. Eclipse day, and the actual solar eclipse on the 21st August 2017.
I woke in the early hours, despite going to bed after midnight (luckily a few astronomers on this trip were as at home in the hotel bar, and we had a few nights propping up the bar talking matters of the cosmos. Cheers guys!). So by 5am I was dressed and outside, checking out the sky. The glorious, deep blue, clear sky!


Venus (to the right) over the Hotel in Clarksville, Kentucky, 5am on the 21st August.

I sat in the middle of a field and watched Venus head westward through the brightening sky. The crickets were so loud I recorded them on my phone, a chirping symphony. I imagined it was almost like they knew it was eclipse day, and were excited too.
Did I mention the clear blue sky?
Back in the hotel about 6.30, a few of the astronomers had hardly slept due to excitement. Several told me they hadn’t had a wink. One seasoned eclipse chaser told me “I never do, the night before an eclipse”
A few had been out to see Venus in the Kentucky sky that morning as well. Actually we’d seen it from Heathrow, in England a few days before, by the crescent moon. A beautiful early morning sight that I didn’t take a photo of, because of airport stress! But it didn’t go un-noticed at the time – the thin crescent of the moon was in fact the disappearing moon, as it moved towards the sun in readiness for the eclipse I was flying 4,000 miles to see.


In the hotel café, the video screen showed the morning news, and the eclipse was the main story of course!.

There were warnings of crowded roads, so we boarded the coach and headed off to the eclipse site early, (I seen to remember 7.30? I could be wrong). But there was nothing on the roads, and we were amongst the first there. No problem with that, there were cafes, seats allocated to us, comfy air-conditioned areas and we had first pick of the T-shirts and eclipse tat.


The James E Bruce Convention Centre – our eclipse viewing site.


At the eclipse site wearing a T-shirt I’d bought in Nashville the day before.



Video screens welcomed us to the viewing site, a nice touch!

I spent the next few hours taking it all in. There were astronomers from all over the USA, and some from across the seas. There were all kinds of viewing gear (more of that in a separate blog entry I think). There was, or course, air of excitement, and everyone was busy arranging their equipment and setting up cameras. I’d just taken my SLR with an 18-55mm lens. I just wanted a record of the event rather than try for the best astronomy photograph I could get. I also took a short tripod, and my ‘lucky’ eclipse glasses from my first eclipse in 1999. (I later larnt that eclipse glasses have a shelf-life, and I should have been using new ones).
And, just before mid-day, we saw first contact. A kind astronomer from our group had lent me a solar filter, so I was able to photograph first contact. And I was transported back to that same feeling I had on the beach in Turkey in 2006. Wow! Yea! That’s great, it’s started, they’ve got it right, the eclipse is on!


First contact

For the next hour and a half we watched, through glasses and filters and telescopes, as the sun got seemingly devoured by the moon.


We saw the same thing during a partial eclipse in the UK in 2015, but today we would get the full experience.


fb09And then, at twenty four minutes past one, totality! Perhaps the greatest earth-bound astronomical delight nature can serve up. And it was glorious.


Totality at 1/60 second, f8, ISO 200

Thanks to the lecture the night before, (more on that in another blog entry later), I was able to select the right settings on my camera to capture a very pleasing (to me) few images of the solar corona. I’m uploading the basic jpegs here, but I’m hoping to go to work with the RAW files, with the help of my friend Graham from Wolverhampton Astronomy Club, who is a photoshop whiz.


1/25 second revealed more of the solar corona, (as well as some camera-shake)

It seems every I talked to, who tried to photograph the eclipse, suffered some kind of gremlins. For my part, I forgot to take the camera out of ‘auto’ setting, till about a minute into the 2.40 minutes of the eclipse, which meant, in a panic, I took the camera off the tripod and shot the photos you see here by hand. But despite that, I’m more than pleased with the clarity I got from a 52mm focal length.

These two photos of the diamond ring, I hope to improve in photoshop, but if I can’t, I won’t mind.


It sounds an elitist thing to say, but to understand an eclipse, you have to experience it. Several times, after the event, people said the emotional aspect was just that – unexplainable. The most used, (and over-used) word is ‘awesome’, and it is. But it’s also quite eerie, and it conjures up feelings of humbleness and reverentially. You feel strangely privileged. I don’t know what else to say. Go and see one. I doubt anyone that’s travelled to see an eclipse has regretted it, put it that way. It’s cosmic!

MoonMapping – Lacus Somniorum, ‘The Lake of Dreams’


I took the photo on the left last November, the Moon was waning, a couple of days after full. On the right is my map of the  area. This area is called Lacus Somniorum, which is Latin for The Lake of Dreams. For some idea of scale, the small crater ‘Grove’ near the middle is about 17 miles wide. I’m hoping to get a similarly clear shot of the Bay of Rainbows soon. Lunar coolness!